Application |
PLAXIS 2D PLAXIS 3D |

Version |
PLAXIS 2D PLAXIS 3D |

Date created |
24 February 2020 |

Date modified |
24 February 2020 |

In a time-dependent Dynamics analysis, the dynamic load is defined through a combination of a dynamic load value and a time-history function, with the latter being a collection of load multiplier values over time (see Figure 1).

When a dynamic load is activated in a given dynamic phase, the value of each of its components (e.g., along y-direction) at each instant of dynamic time, t, is given by:

*q _{y}(t) = q_{y,start,ref} x multiplier_{y}(t)*

See also How to activate a dynamic load.

*Figure 1. Definition of Load Multiplier*

### Radial Load Acting against Circular Plane

Of the various options for load distribution, the *Perpendicular* distribution is relevant for application of load acting normal to the plane. In conjunction with a circular plane, selection of this *Perpendicular* distribution results in a uniform load acting radially against the circular plane.

This can be useful when applying perpendicular distributed loads on circular tunnels (PLAXIS 2D and PLAXIS 3D), or circular volume piles or shafts in PLAXIS 3D.

### Definition of Load Multiplier

The calculation will scale the dynamic component’s load values with the load multiplier in the Cartesian directions. To keep the load perpendicular, the dynamic load multipliers should apply the same factor for these cartesian directions. In this case, for a perpendicular load in the XY-plane (e.g. PLAXIS 2D or the horizontal plane in PLAXIS 3D) the input field of *Multiplier _{x}* and

*Multiplier*, should use the same

_{y}*Load Multiplier*(Figure 2): internally the program resolves the multiplier values in the x-direction and y-direction along the circular plane, accordingly.

*Figure 2. Definition of Dynamic Load Acting Radially against Circular Plane*