 # Using the Flow Monitoring Distribution method in LoadBuilder

 Applies To Product(s): SewerGEMS, SewerCAD Version(s): CONNECT Edition, V8i Area: Layout and Data Input Original Author: Jesse Dringoli, Bentley Technical Support Group

# Overview

This TechNote describes how the Flow Monitoring Distribution method works and how to use it to import your loads in the LoadBuilder module for either SewerCAD or SewerGEMS.

# How the Flow Monitoring Distribution Method Works

To visually explain what this means, take the following network: `Note: the green diamonds represent the locations of the meters in a point shapefile. If the meter locations did not fall exactly on top of a manhole, LoadBuilder would calculate the nearest node (manhole) and use that.`

Assume the following monitored flows:

Meter #1 - 100 gpm
Meter #2 - 150 gpm
Meter #3 - 550 gpm

This means that the flow through the piping under manhole C was 'monitored' as 100 gpm, the flow under manhole F as 150 gpm and the flow under manhole I as 550 gpm. So, since Meter #3 is the downstream-most meter, we can say that the total load upstream of that point is 550 gpm. This means that in the end, the total loads entering the system will add up to 550 gpm.

So, LoadBuilder must compute what the individual loads for each manhole would be, in order for the above to be true. Starting from upstream:

Total flow at Meter #1 is 100 gpm. Since 3 manholes (A, B and C) are upstream, each would need to have 33.33 gpm (100 / 3 = 33.3)
Total flow at Meter #2 is 150 gpm. Since 3 manholes (D, E and F) are upstream, each would need to have 50.0 gpm (150 / 3 = 50.0)
• Total flow at Meter #3 is 550 gpm, which is 300 gpm more than the total of the 2 other meters. Based on this, we know that there is 300 gpm (550 - 250 = 300) coming into the system somewhere between it. Since there are 5 manholes between them, (G, H, I, J and K) each of those manholes would need to have 60.0 gpm (300 / 5 = 60.0) # How to use this method in LoadBuilder

1.   In the LoadBuilder wizard, select Flow Monitoring Distribution under the "Point load data" section. 2.   For the "Node Layer," select which elements the loads will be assigned to. Typically this will be "Manhole\All Elements", meaning all the manholes. If you have a selection set of loadable manholes, select "Manhole\<NAME>", where "<NAME>" is the name of the selection set.

- Leave the "Node ID Field" as "ElementID".

- For the "Flow Monitoring Layer," select the shapefile (or point feature class, if using the ArcGIS-integrated mode) that contains the flow monitoring meter data.

- For the "Usage Field," select the attribute that contains usage data. The usage field in the source database must contain flow data. Be sure to select the correct unit as well.

3.  Click Next and LoadBuilder will compute the total load that will be assigned to the manholes. In our example case, this is 550 gpm. If you need to apply a global pattern or multiplier to that total value, you can do so by entering a multiplier or pattern in the appropriate columns.

`Note: If you need to change the flow unit in the above window, right-click the column header for "Consumption", select "Units and Formatting," choose the appropriate unit and click OK.`

4.   Click Next and LoadBuilder will compute the load allocations. A summary window will show you each manhole's load. If you need to assign a different pattern to each one, you can do so here. `Notice that no load was assigned to manhole L. This is because it is downstream of the downstream-most meter. LoadBuilder has no way of knowing what the metered flow is here, and assumes it is the same as the downstream-most node (550 gpm in this case.) Thus, no additional loads enter the system at that downstream point.`

6.  Click Next and LoadBuilder will import the new loads into the desired alternative. You will be presented with a summary window, where you can view statistics and any problems that may have occurred.

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