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How can you force an inflow into a system without the use of a pump and reservoir?
How do negative demands work?
To force an inflow into a system in WaterCAD or WaterGEMS, use a negative demand. A negative demand is like having a known flow or injected flow into the system. If you have -60 gpm on a junction that junction will force 60 gpm into your network.
Note that you'll need to ensure that the forced inflow is physical possible given other downstream boundary conditions. For example this will not work if there is no storage (tank or reservoir) downstream, as the downstream demand will need to be exactly equal to the forced inflow. In another example, a forced inflow can conflict with a Flow Control Valve (FCV) flow setting.
See articles further below for more on other options for modeling inflow.
Note: to model an inflow during a transient simulation in HAMMER, use the Periodic Head-Flow element.
Modeling Fixed Inflow from a Marginal Source
Modeling a Connection to an Existing System
Ill-conditioning User Notification for valves in a hydraulic model
Modeling a change in HGL or flow during a transient simulation