Analyzing surface gutter and inlet capture without subsurface conduits

Product(s): StormCAD, CivilStorm, SewerGEMS
Version(s): 08.11.04.XX and greater (including 10.XX.XX.XX)
Area: Modeling


Can I analyze surface inlet and gutter capture without having to lay out the sub-surface network? (conduits)


Yes. Starting with the V8i SELECTseries 4 release (and greater), inlet-only hydraulics can be performed. You can simply lay out the Catchments (with Storm Data), Catchbasins (with inlets) and gutters and the program will calculate the inlet capture efficiency, bypass flow, etc. 

This can be useful for analyzing road drainage design before designing the subsurface piping. In earlier versions of the software, in order to calculate the inlet capacities, conduits needed to be connected to the catchbasins to direct captured subsurface flow.

NOTE: This applies only to the GVF-Rational (StormCAD) solver, which requires the use of the Rational Method for runoff (utilizing IDF curves for rainfall). If you are using the Implicit or Explicit (SWMM) solver in SewerGEMS or CivilStorm and need to route a runoff hydrograph such as the SCS Unit Hydrograph Method or Modified Rational Method, conduits would need to be connected to carry the subsurface captured flow. You could simply approximate with a short, large diameter conduit connected to an outfall at an elevation low enough so as not to have an impact on the surface hydraulics (so as not to cause overflow).

Example Model

An example model with surface gutter hydraulics only can be downloaded from the below link. Note that you will need to have version or greater to open this model. This model is intended as a supplemental example, to illustrate a surface gutter network.

Updated 2019-Jun-18

Surface system example 2 -

"Isolated Nodes" User Notification

Note that in some cases you may notice the following user notification referring to a catchbasin that is part of a surface gutter network with no attached conduit:

"There are # isolated nodes. Be sure all nodes are connected to a pond or outfall by a link (Boundary Element boundary condition type is not counted). Isolated nodes are: _____" 

This particular warning can be ignored if you intentionally omitted the subsurface network. It is a yellow warning that does not prevent the calculations from completing. Reference # 990206.

See Also

What's New in StormCAD SELECTseries 4

What's New in SewerGEMS and CivilStorm V8i SELECTSeries 4