In order to evaluate the total load from operating conditions and worst case scenario from 6 Static Earthquake load case. The following combinations were created in a model.
E1 User 0.6280 0.0000 0.0000
E2 User 0.3830 0.0000 0.0000
E3 User 0.0000 0.0000 0.6280
E4 User 0.0000 0.0000 0.3830
E5 User 0.0000 0.2160 0.0000
Trans1 = E1+E5
Trans2 = -E1+E5
Trans3 = E1-E5
Trans4 = -E1-E5
Trans5 = E3+E5
Trans6 = -E3+E5
Trans7 = E3-E5
Trans8 = -E3-E5
TRANS(POS)= sign Max ( TRANS1… Trans4)
TRANS(NEG)= sign Max ( TRANS5… Trans8)
TRANS = sign Max [ TRANS(POS), TRANS(NEG)]
Func = Gr + T1 +P1
TRANSPORT = TRANS + FUNC
Is this listing of combination correct, why or why not?
NO, this set of combinations is NOT correct.
The problem is because of load sequence, the results of Trans1 - Trans12 cannot be added into other user combinations to find the worst cases scenario.
Help topic explains AutoPIPE generates combinations based on the non-linear load sequence only
Please see the following AutoPIPE help section: Help > Contents> Search Tab> enter "Add default Non-Code combinations" (include the quotes), press List Topics button, double click on the selected topic from the list provided to see more information.
Non-linear analysis:
For non-linear static analysis results, the program will automatically generate combinations based on the load sequences only. For example, if GR is the initial state of T12, and T12 is the initial state of P12, and P12 is the initial state of W10, then the program will generate the combination, GT12P12W10 or GT1P1E10.
Combining 2 or more Seismic load cases in a combination is not valid.
The seismic cases have to be explicit in different +/- directions.\
For now using a non-linear analysis looks like for 12 'seismic' loads they will need 2 models where the seismic loads are defined e.g. E1 = trans1, E2 = trans 2, etc..
Otherwise they could run as linear analysis with their existing combinations which would be valid and evaluate TRANSPORT load combination for worse loads and contributing load cases then go back and run a non-linear analysis for this load sequence only
Then envelop the linear and non-linear results to capture final maximum. Some users do this for true seismic loading.
Based on the setting s above, recommend the following corrective procedure:
A. Update the defined Static Earthquake cases to match the intention of Trans1...Trans8, as followed:
E2 User -0.6280 0.2160 0.0000
E3 User 0.6280 -0.2160 0.0000
E4 User -0.6280 -0.2160 0.0000
etc..
B. Because the load case scenario will be evaluating, Gravity + Press +Temp + Seismic, change the default load sequence:
Load> Static Analysis Set> open analysis set to confirm all pertinent load cases are checked ON, "Gaps / Friction / Soil" setting is checked ON, press OK button, and change "Initial case for Occ. loads" from GR to OP1 (see online help for details on this setting), and press OK button to close dialog screen.
C. Run analysis
D. Select Tools> Combinations>
After opening this tab, noticed that AutoPIPE had automatically created the following operating load cases GRTP4+E1, GRTP4-E1, etc.. In order to configure AutoPIPE to evaluate a group of load cases (10 max per combination) and determine which one is the worst case, create the following user combination:
Note: each of the load cases has M/S = S (stress), this combination would not be valid if one or more combination had M/S = M (moments).
Create as many grouping combinations (ex. Max Stress 5-8) as necessary to evaluate all the combinations, max 10 at a time. The following is an example of the next group to be evaluated:
Finally, evaluate the actual group combinations as shown below:
After opening this tab, noticed that AutoPIPE had automatically created the following operating load cases GT4P4E1{4}, GT4P4E2{4}, etc (see online help to understand why GT4P4-E1(4) type comb. are not created for non-linear analysis). In order to configure AutoPIPE to evaluate a group of load cases (10 max per combination) and determine which one is the worst case, create the following user combination:
Note: the different Combination method used for non-code combinations, Res. Max, see online help for details on this option.
E. After all the correct combinations have been created, Press OK button to close the combination dialog screen
F. Review the combination results in the Results grids or Output report.
"Non-Code Comb." tab
Bentley AutoPIPE