How to model a wind sway displacement of the pipe rack that moves the structure, while the pipes on the rack are free to slide across the steel work on pipe shoes or trunnions.
Since the pipe is large (i.e. 24"), suggest model an offset support (i.e. trunnion) to capture the additional bending and torsion which the support will impose on the pipe.
This involves modeling the trunnion as a Rigid beam (or equivalent beam with same stiffness as the trunnion e.g. If 10" std wt pipe trunnion select table type = "P", Section ID = 10.) from the pipe center line to shoe contact point on the pipe rack. Insert a second beam with an anchor at the far end and disconnect the 1st and 2nd beam by renaming point I on beam 2. Then connect beam 1 to 2 using a V-stop with friction and large gap above to capture lift-off.
Insert the pipe rack wind sway displacement at the 2nd beam anchor in the wind case W1.
This wind case will also include the wind applied to the piping segments on the rack.
If effects of shielding are experience by pipes in the center of the rack then ensure these pipes are different segments so they can be "turned off" in the wind loading.
When one trunnion support has been modeled completed with pipe rack sway displacement this can be copied and paste quickly to other support locations on the pipe rack as shown below.
Model should be as shown below:
Place the cursor at AG02 and draw a window around the pipe (do NOT select additional pipe points e.g. AG03) and frame points 1, 1A and 2 then press F6. Edit/copy and set the base point = AG02, click OK.
Click on AG06 and edit/paste to paste the support arrangement.
NOTE: As seen the direction of the copied v-stop is incorrect i.e. double-click on the v-stop at 1006 and change connected point from Ground to 1008.
Observe the W1 results at anchor 2 when run static analysis as linear or non-linear.
If analyzed linear (i.e. no friction or gap effects at the V-stop between beams 1 & 2), the W1 results are zero at anchor 2. Also perform an interactive scan / displacement for the W1 case to observe this total disconnect behavior between beams 1 & 2 for the linear analysis. Whereas in the non-linear case the friction between beams 1 & 2 shows connectivity between them and therefore interaction not seen in the linear case.
Modeling "Wind" - Load Case
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