This document describes new or enhanced features of STAAD Foundation Advanced (SFA) since the CONNECT Edition V9.4 (Release 18.104.22.168).
Mat foundations per the 2018 edition of the Australian code AS3600
The salient features of this module are:
1. You can import a superstructure model from STAAD.Pro. This brings in the support reactions and column/pedestal data from that model into SFA
You can start with a empty model in SFA, define the locations of column supports (if any) and assign the column sizes and loads acting on the foundation through those columns.
2. Create a mat foundation job and chooses the code as Australian (AS3600-2018). Select the load combinations (categorized into Service and Ultimate) for which the mat should be analyzed and designed.3. You then specify any additional loads on the mat, if any (e.g., point loads, area loads, etc.) Generate load combinations, if needed. (Load combinations from the STAAD.Pro model can also be imported thru Step 1)4. Define the mat boundary and mesh it to produce a finite element model of the mat. Specify the mat thickness to be used for analysis as well as for design.5. Specify soil supports and/or pile spring supports.6. Perform the FE analysis of the mat.7. Create a moment envelope which is a set of discrete points where the concrete design of the mat will be performed.8. Perform the flexure and punching shear checks.
The program will recommend a bar arrangement for flexure for the longitudinal and transverse directions for the top and bottom surfaces. In the event of insufficient thickness as a singly-reinforced section, a failure will be shown.
9. Perform moment capacity checks for a desired bar diameter and spacing.
Output from the program consists of
a) Summary of minimum/maximum nodal displacements from the FE modelb) Summary of minimum/maximum plate element stresses and moments from the FE modelc) Summary of maximum soil pressures from the various service load cases/combinations.d) Contact Area report for each service load case/combination. A loss of contact will be evident through a value that is less than 100%e) Report of Sliding and overturning check for each service load case/combination.f) Static equilibrium mismatch report in the event of instabilities that cause overturning or sliding.g) Pile reaction summary for service and ultimate load cases/combinations.h) Details of the flexure design checks for the longitudinal and transverse directions for top and bottom surfaces.
Details of the implementation are described in the Technical Reference manual.
Pedestal design for mat foundations per the 2018 version of the Australian code
For mat foundations, pedestals specified beneath the columns can now be designed to the Australian code. They are designed to the rules governing the design of short columns. Design is performed for
The procedure is identical to the one implemented for pedestals located on isolated or combined footings. In the Global Settings menu, you have the option to specify the bottom of pedestal to coincide with the top of the mat, or with the bottom of the mat. This will be used to determine the height of the pedestal, which in turn will determine the moments at the bottom of the pedestal due to shears acting from the column.
Output consists of the bar details for longitudinal reinforcement, a table of P-M values for that reinforcement, and the link bar size and spacing for shear, along with the critical load case numbers.
Enhancements to punching shear checks
For pilecaps and mat foundations, for the ACI 318 code (2005, 2011 and 2014 editions), the check for two-way shear due to the column punching through the mat has been enhanced to take into consideration the additional stress induced by unbalanced moments transferred to the mat by the columns. This check is done in accordance with the rules explained in section ACI-318-11 clause No. 22.214.171.124 / ACI-318-14 clause No. 8.4.4.
A similar enhancement has been made for mat foundations designed to the Indian code. The rules explained in sections 126.96.36.199 and 188.8.131.52 of the code have been implemented. The calculation of the “J” term (polar moment of inertia of the punching perimeter”) is done using the guidelines of Table E-8 of SP-24 - Explanatory handbook on IS456-1978.
Re-instatement of bar spacing limits for pedestal design
The facility for specifying the minimum and maximum spacing between the longitudinal bars of a pedestal has been re-instated for the foundation modules in the General mode of SFA.
1. A facility is now available for specifying the modulus of elasticity of concrete for the analysis of mat foundations (in past versions, a fixed value was used by the program and couldn't be edited). This value will then be passed on by SFA to the finite element model of the mat for analysis in the STAAD.Pro analysis engine.
2. For mat foundations, there is a facility called Moment Capacity check where the program reports the flexural capacity of the slab for a user-specified value of bar arrangement.
For all the codes available in STAAD Foundation Advanced, like ACI, Indian, Euro, etc., this has been enhanced to identify and report a failure in the event of over-reinforced conditions, as well as when the arrangement is so dense as to violate spacing limits mandated by the codes.
3. The algorithm for finding the optimum size of isolated footings has been improved so that if the size limit is reached for one of the plan directions, the program will continue to increment in the orthogonal plan direction if there is room for doing so until that limit too is reached.
4. Improvements have been made in the tests done to determine if a column included in a mat foundation job should be excluded from consideration for that job or not, due to a mismatch in elevations between the mat and the bottom of the column. The reporting of such instances too has been improved to include the column number of such columns. This will also eliminate the false warnings which appeared in version 184.108.40.206 of SFA.
5. More checks have been incorporated in the program to identify input data errors. An example of this is: If the gravity load cases (dead and live) are assigned negative load factors, a warning message will be displayed in the output pane to notify the user of this condition, along with the number of the primary load case / load combination case. Another one involves identifying and warning when column reaction loads are present where no column has been associated with that load.
6. Starting with this release, for mats supported by a combination of piles and soil, the compression-only attribute will not be applied to those support springs which represent the locations where piles are present. This is because, piles are treated as being effective in compression and tension, due to which, those points cannot lose contact with the mat. In earlier versions of STAAD Foundation Advanced, those supports were treated as compression-only, leading to loss of contact if there was sufficient uplift-causing forces and/or moments acting on the mat from the columns.
7. For isolated footings designed using the Set Dimension method, if the footing size is so small as to cause the eccentricity of loading M/P to be large enough to fall outside the footing, no messages indicating the cause of the design failure were reported in past versions. This condition is now being identified and reported with a clear message.
8. For this version, for tank foundations, the value of the parameter termed Av is set to 0.372. Av is defined in the API 650 code as the "Vertical seismic acceleration parameter" or "vertical earthquake acceleration coefficient" and is used to calculate the pressure on the soil due to the vertical force resulting from the sloshing effect of the liquid contained in the tank for load combinations containing seismic cases. As per API 650 Clause E.6.1.3 bullet point 2, the maximum value of Av is 0.14*SDS. The value of 0.372 is based on the maximum value of SDS which as per the ASCE 7-05 code is (2/3)*3.9844 for the ZIP code 93016 for the town of Filmore, California. In the next version, there will be facility available in the Input screens of the Tank Foundation module through which users will be able to directly enter Av or SDS.
9. For some of the PLANT foundation modules, the shear forces and bending moments used in the concrete design of the footing for each load case are now reported in the output pane. This should assist users who wish to verify the correctness of the values deemed to be critical for each of those checks.
10. For combined footings, one of the details that was omitted earlier such as the critical load case responsible for the final footing size is now reported.
Rectification of defects
A number of defects have been corrected. Details are available in the What's New in CONNECT Edition V9.5 section of the program documentation.